Mokpo, Yeongam, Muan, Gangjin, and Haenam belong to the Mokpo district. They used to be rich in, qualified clod of clay, water, firewood, etc. They were geographically located near the sea enabling the convenient transportation of the goods using the waterway. This is why the region became the center of celadon production during the Goryeo era.
In 1942, the Haengnam Chinaware, Inc. equipped with advanced facilities was established in Mokpo for the first time in Korea. It opened the era of full-scale use of ceramics for everyday living. It was the center of the ceramics industry in Korea.
The establishment of the Haengnam Chinaware, Inc. in Mokpo in 1942 retained the use of traditional chinaware and the mass production system for the domestic pottery era for the first time in Korea. This Company mainly produced ceramics for the table ware of ordinary people. This represented the Korean food culture.
Since the Korean War in 1950, the coffee culture was introduced together with military supplies. There was a great change in the form of traditional chinaware. The concept of the coffee set or dinner set became available.
- Korean Kitchen in the 1920s
A kitchen in the1920s had the functions for both cooking and heating. Therefore, the kitchen consisted of cupboard/shelf that accommodated foods and kitchenware such as 'Maksagi' (rough chinaware), small bowls, cruet, spoons, water jar, dishpan, knife, chopping board, etc. Both chinaware and brassware were used for kitchenware. Specifically, chinaware was used as cruet requiring longer storage of contents and water jar/dishpan that should be heat-resistant and less absorptive.
- Korean Kitchen in the 1970s
Since the appearance of cooperative housing (apartment) in the 1970s, the standing type kitchen came to be installed. The sink and countertop were installed at the level of a housewife's standing position, and water (faucet) facility was installed inside the kitchen. Specifically, as the briquette was widely used for cooking and heating instead of a conventional fireplace, nickel silverware and stainless steel came into fashion because of their convenience in handling. The kerosene stove and plastic ware were used as cooking utensils, too..
Ceramics was mainly produced as kitchenware. But a variety of chinaware products with various functions and designs have been produced as the quality of life improved. Goods used for everyday living are exhibited, such as flower vase, flower pot, lamp, candlestick, clock, doll, photo frame, stationary, pencil case Chinese ink water container, ink bottle, etc.; bathroom supplies, such as, soap dish, toothpaste rack, etc.; and accessories, such as ring, necklace.
Japanese ceramic dolls made during the Japanese occupation, showing the traditional way of life in the 1920s-30s are also on display.
The container was used during the Japanese occupation when carrying a large volume of liquor. Later on, the brewery widely produced glazed 'Sulchun' where the company name, liquor name, telephone number, trade name, etc. were engraved.
Ceramic tiles and bricks were manufactured as building materials. They were used during the period of three States, which included the brick decorations inside the Tomb of King Muryeong of the Baekje Dynasty and tile decorations, such as, 'Japsang', 'Tosu', 'Yongdu', 'Yeonga', and chimney, etc. Presently, steel reinforced concrete buildings are widely used. Tiles are used to decorate the inside or outside portion of buildings. They are also used as finishing materials, playing important roles in the construction of buildings.
A traditional chimney uses ceramics as materials. Chimney is part of the house that discharges soot and smoke when fire is made (Late Joseon era, 1960).
Placed on top of the chimney, so that rain or snow should not fall into the chimney.
Building materials for sanitary purposes require easy identification. Once they get dirty they should be cleaned conveniently. Sanitary materials require that they must not allow corrosion and deterioration. In this regard, ceramics are suitable for this purpose. Traditional sanitary products of Korea are chamber pots, spittoon, etc. Nowadays, washbowls and lavatories made of ceramics are used all over the world.
- Gama chamber pot and Onggi chamber pot
A ceramic chamber pot was used as a traditional sanitary indoor facility to answer the call of nature at night. It may also be made of brass. Gama chamber pot is the chamber pot used by women and girls inside Gama.
This container was used when carrying liquor, water or body wastes, thus, it is differently called Ddong (body wastes)-janggun, Sul (Liquor)-jangjun, etc, depending on its contents.